Trek Landers

Everest Base Camp Trek Difficulty

Published: 26th Oct, 2023


Addressing the challenge of the Everest Base Camp trek falls within the moderate difficulty range. Individuals unfamiliar with high-altitude locations should exercise caution due to the ascent to 8,848 meters from sea level. The duration for this trek is 14 Days, which leads to Everest Base Camp. It offers insights into Sherpa culture, monasteries, and rugged trails amidst picturesque landscapes, including lakes, rivers, suspension bridges, and charming local villages. Observing the unique lifestyles and architecture of the inhabitants in the Everest region is truly captivating. 

After tackling uphill and steep terrains, with sweat pouring down, there's a song lyric that echoes the sentiment: "Skip to the good and reach your destination." The reward for your challenging journey is none other than the magnificent Everest Base Camp.

1. Physical Fitness and Mental Preparation

When preparing for an Everest Base Camp trek, your physical and mental well-being are paramount. Endurance is crucial as you’ll navigate steep and uphill terrains for extended periods. Engage in exercises like cycling, jogging, and swimming to enhance cardiovascular fitness and strengthen your legs. Incorporate activities like stretching and yoga to improve flexibility and mental health. If height-related fears arise, therapy and counseling can provide exposure and support. Cultivating a positive mindset is vital, aiding confidence during challenging situations. Educate yourself about the trek, understanding potential challenges and strategies to overcome them, ensuring a well-prepared and confident trekking experience.

2. Understanding Altitude sickness

When trekking at high altitudes like Everest Base Camp, understanding altitude sickness is crucial. It’s vital to be conscious of your body, prioritize your health, and ensure your safety. Mild symptoms include headaches, dizziness, fatigue, shortness of breath, loss of appetite, insomnia, and nausea. Severe symptoms involve vomiting, persistent coughing, chest congestion, and difficulty walking in a straight line. In extreme cases, marked by blue or gray lips or fingernails, a rescue helicopter can be called as a precaution, with prior arrangements made for emergencies. 

It’s essential to allow our bodies to acclimatize by ascending slowly. A general guideline is not to ascend more than 300-500 meters (1000-1500 feet) per day above 3000 meters. Climbing higher during the day and sleeping at a lower altitude aids acclimatization. Staying well-hydrated is crucial; drink plenty of water and avoid smoking and alcohol, as they can worsen altitude sickness symptoms. If any issues arise, communicate them to your experienced guide, who possesses ample knowledge on how to address such situations. In emergency cases, Patients will be promptly rescued by a helicopter.

3. Choosing the Right Route 

There are three main trekking routes to Everest Base Camp: the classical route from Tenzing Hillary Airport in Lukla, the Gokyo Lake route, and the Three Passes trek. On the classical route, trekkers begin by landing in Lukla and trekking to Phakding on the first day, then continuing to Namche Bazaar on the second day. Namche Bazaar serves as a major hub in the Everest region, allowing trekkers to acclimate. They spend at least one day there, exploring the area and visiting the Everest Hotel for panoramic mountain views. From Namche, the trek proceeds to Tengboche, offering stunning views of Lhotse, Nuptse, Thamserku, Ama Dablam, Langtang Ri, and Everest. The journey continues to Dingboche, where trekkers acclimatize and enjoy views of Island Peak. Next, the route takes trekkers to Lobuche, providing views of Khumbu Glacier and Pumori Peak. Finally, the trek goes from Lobuche to Gorakshep, the last settlement before Everest Base Camp, and then proceeds to the iconic Everest Base Camp.

Another is the Gokyo Lakes route The Gokyo Lake route offers a thrilling adventure with fewer crowds and limited teahouses due to its higher altitude. After exploring Gokyo Lakes, trek up to Gokyo Ri (5,357 meters / 17,575 feet), a renowned viewpoint showcasing panoramic vistas of Cho Oyu, Everest, Lhotse, and Makalu. From Gokyo, descend to Thangnak and further to Dragnag, a small settlement en route to Cho La Pass, spanning altitudes from Gokyo (4,790 meters / 15,715 feet) to Dragnag (4,700 meters / 15,419 feet). Cross Cho La Pass, ascending to Dzongla, then descend to Lobuche. The challenging journey continues from Dzongla (4,830 meters / 15,846 feet) to Lobuche (4,940 meters / 16,208 feet). Finally, trek from Lobuche to Gorak Shep, the last settlement before Everest Base Camp, and proceed to Everest Base Camp (5,364 meters / 17,598 feet) from Gorak Shep (5,140 meters / 16,863 feet).

Last, The Three Passes trek presents a daring challenge, encompassing the traversal of three imposing mountains: Renjo La Pass, Cho La Pass, and Kongma La Pass. These majestic peaks provide unparalleled views, surrounded by the awe-inspiring Himalayas. This route boasts a lesser crowd compared to the classical Lukla to Everest Base Camp trail, primarily due to its higher altitude, resulting in limited teahouse availability.

4. Training for the EBC Trek

  • Engage in pre-trek hikes to gain confidence and evaluate your endurance; embarking on trekking without prior experience may result in challenges and discomfort halfway through.
  • Prepare your body by acclimatizing to high-altitude locations before attempting challenging treks like Everest Base Camp.
  • Do activities such as yoga, stretching, and other exercises to enhance flexibility and balance in your body.
  • Refrain from smoking and drinking in high-altitude areas, as these habits can exacerbate symptoms of altitude sickness.
  • Avoid giving money to begging children; instead, consider donating to a charitable organization.
  • If someone is trying to be overly familiar without reason, talk to your guide and share your concerns, as not everyone may have good intentions at times.
  • Pack your gear, wear comfortable shoes, bring warm clothing, and carry a first aid kit. Make sure to bring all the essential items listed by the company for your trek.
  • Always stay with your guide; wandering alone might lead to getting lost. Also, avoid approaching the edge of cliffs as it can be extremely hazardous.
  • If you encounter a group of animals, like yaks, while trekking, be sure to give them plenty of space and make way for them.
  • Make sure to carry a water bottle with you at all times and drink ample water to stay hydrated.
  • Carry a high SPF sun cream that protects your skin from the sun without irritating; many people experience sunburn due to inadequate protection.

5. Experienced Guides

A guide plays a crucial role in trekking, being entirely responsible for the entire trip; hence, having a knowledgeable guide is paramount. If a guide lacks proper expertise, clients may face issues, being unfamiliar with the area. An experienced guide ensures a smooth journey, offering guidance on altitude sickness, administering necessary medication and oxygen, and determining the appropriate walking duration and acclimatization stops. At Treklanders Adventures, our staff comprises highly professional and experienced individuals who not only make your journey easier but also stand by your side in emergencies, ensuring you explore the best places.

6. Everest Base Camp Trek 14 days itinerary

  • Day 1-2: Kathmandu to Lukla flight, trek to Phakding.
  • Day 3-4: Trek to Namche Bazaar, acclimatization day.
  • Day 5-6: Trek to Tengboche, Dingboche, acclimatization day.
  • Day 7-8: Trek to Lobuche, Gorak Shep, Everest Base Camp excursion.
  • Day 9: Kala Patthar sunrise, trek to Pheriche.
  • Day 10: Trek to Namche Bazaar.
  • Day 11-12: Trek to Lukla via Phakding, flight to Kathmandu.
  • Day 13: Buffer day for unforeseen circumstances.
  • Day 14: Departure from Kathmandu.

7. Includes and Doesn’t Include


  • Airport pick up and drop off.
  • 4 Night hotel in Kathmandu with Breakfast.
  • All accommodation in a simple T-house
  • Breakfast Lunch and Dinner during trekking.
  • Experience and government-licensed guide and porter.
  • Domestic flight ticket Kathmandu-Lukla-Kathmandu.
  • First aid kit carried by Sherpa leader.
  • Food salary insurance for Guide and Porter.
  • National park entrance fee all government charges and taxes.
  • 1 porter for 2 trekkers 

Doesn’t Include

  • Extra night's hotel stay in Kathmandu if an extended stay is required.
  • Lunch and dinner in Kathmandu.
  • Laundry service/battery charge Rescue/emergency and Travel insurance.
  • Personal equipment and personal expenses.
  • Tips for guide and porter.

8. Additional details

a. Effortless Exploration of Everest Base Camp

If you are unable to trek to Everest Base Camp, the most straightforward way to reach it is through a helicopter tour to Kalapathhar Everest Base Camp, known as the Everest Base Camp Heli Tour. This one-day tour offers a scenic helicopter ride, allowing you to witness various Himalayan peaks in the Everest region. Your guide will provide informative descriptions throughout the journey. This aerial exploration is the best option to quickly experience the beauty of the Himalayas in the Everest region. Upon arrival, you can capture videos and pictures, explore Kalapathhar, and create lasting memories. Afterward, you can return to Kathmandu from the same point, making it a convenient and accessible way to reach Everest Base Camp.

Anshu Thapa

Anshu Thapa is the Managing Director of a Treklanders Adventures Pvt.Ltd. She is a highly experienced and accomplished trekking and mountaineering professional with ex...

Share this article

Reach out to us

Similar Blogs

Subscribe for seasonal discounts.

Sign up to stay updated with latest offers, recent events and more news.
Art representing various natural and cultutal heritages of Nepal